Students are qualitatively different from younger ones. Teachers and parents can greatly enhance student learning at this age by understanding students' cognitive and social characteristics.
Using the right learning strategies to maximize the value of learning and overcoming student learning challenges can change everything about their success. You can also choose best middle school in Netherlands through https://www.amityschool.nl/learning/middle-years
Cognitive Development in Secondary Schools
At the ages of 12, 13, and 14 years, most students begin to develop their ability to understand symbolic ideas and abstract concepts. According to the Piaget classification, students progress from the specific operational stage of development to the official operational stage capability.
In fact, research shows that brain growth slows down during these years, so that students' cognitive skills can develop more slowly. However, improving these skills can certainly be improved. In general, most students will have the following characteristics:
1. Are curious and want to learn what they find useful
2. Enjoy solving problems in real life
3. Focus on yourself and how you are perceived by your peers
4. Contrary to adult authority and demands freedom
5. Start thinking critically
Social Development in Secondary Schools
Most students experience conflicting values because of changing roles in their family structure and the increasing influence of friends. In general, most students will have the following characteristics:
1. They need to feel part of a peer group consisting of boys and girls who are affected by peer pressure and group compliance
2. They prefer active to passive learning activities which involve working with their peers
3. You need to do physical activity and exercise often
4. You need adult support, guidance, and quiet guidance