Organic betaine, acquired from sugar beet, was known to provide substantial performance advantages to commercial animal manufacturers. For pigs, particularly the youngest ones, the chemical functions as an osmolyte as well as a methyl donor.
Betaine can be called a trimethyl derivative of the amino acid glycine which normally occurs in comparatively large amounts in aquatic invertebrates and sugar beet.
Image Source: Google
To Comprehend the way betaine can add value to nourish, it is important to understand both important purposes:
As an osmolyte — betaine's dipolar arrangement and control neutrality enable it to easily form hydrogen bonds with water. Since it's readily consumed, natural betaine can effectively raise the osmotic concentration inside cells. Less energy is utilized by the animals as water quantity is preserved without raising ion levels within the cell.
For a methyl donor — methyl classes are needed for the synthesis of various materials. These include:
– Creatine and carnitine — significant for energy generation.
– Phospholipid molecules — crucial for cell membrane and neural health.
Purine and pyrimidine — utilized in the creation of DNA.
Betaine is also an extremely effective methyl donor that immediately donates a methyl group to convert homocysteine into methionine (an important procedure for the regeneration of methionine).
Both choline, chloride, and methionine are routinely added to animal feeds but organic betaine is the most environmentally effective and economical manner of providing these methyl groups.